| Above, one of many "overall boy" or "farmer boy"|
applique patterns. These patterns became
popular during the 1930s
along with the Sunbonnet Sue designs.
Appliqué is a sewing technique where an upper layer of fabric is sewn onto a ground fabric, with the raw edges of the "applied" fabric tucked beneath the design to minimize raveling or damage. The upper, applied fabric shape can be of any shape or contour. The edge of the upper fabric is folded under as it is sewn down in the "needle turn" method, and small hand stitches are made to secure down the design. The stitches are made with a hem stitch, so that the thread securing the fabric is minimally visible from the front of the work. There are other methods to secure the raw edge of the applied fabric, and some people use basting stitches, fabric-safe glue, freezer paper, paper forms, or starching techniques to prepare the fabric that will be applied, prior to initiating sewing. Supporting paper or other materials are typically removed after the sewing is complete. The ground fabric is often cut away from behind, after completion of the sewing of whatever method, in order to minimize the bulk of the fabric in that region. A special form of appliqué is "broderie perse", which involves appliqué of specific motifs that have been selected from a printed fabric. For example, a series of flower designs might be cut out of one fabric with a vine design, rearranged and sewn down on a new fabric, to create the image of a rose bush.
|A contemporary quilt made from the|
"Dresdan Plate" design.
Just left is an appliqued "Dresdan Plate" quilt. This particular pattern has had many different names given to it within America's past. It has been called "Chrysthanthemum" by the Ladies Art Company, "Friendship Ring" by McKim, "Aster" by older generations, "Sunbonnet by Prairie Farmer and also "Sunburst" by Wallace's Farmer. In spite of the pattern's many name changes, it has remained one of the most popular designs in the history of North American quilters. If you would like to research the history of a family heirloom you can find the origins of over 2000 American quilts in "Barbara Brackman's Encyclopedia of Applique" is published by C&T Publishing. There are also several templates of applique included with the volume: Foundation Rose & Pine Tree, Oak Leaf and Orange Peel, A Rose of Sharon, Lancaster Folk Feathers, and Pot of Flowers.
Needle Turn Applique Technique.
More Applique Patterns: Free Patterns From Wee Folk Art * Sea Creatures * The Historic Kansas City Star Quilt Patterns * Lovely Old-Fashioned Patterns